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Mathematics, Earth & Physical Sciences

Search the UniversitiesAbroad.com directory for Mathematics, Earth & Physical Sciences programs to find the one that's right for you. Compare based on program level (bachelor's, master's, doctorate, certificate or associates degree), program type (online degree, campus or hybrid program) and location. Start your search for Mathematics, Earth & Physical Sciences programs today.


What are Mathematics, Earth and Physical Sciences?

In today’s technology-driven world, there’s increasing demand for workers trained in mathematics and the sciences.  (Source: US News) Mathematics refers to the study of numbers and their operations, as well as of abstractions and space. Earth science is a broad term referring to the sciences involved in the study of the Earth, and physical science refers to the sciences that study the nature of energy and matter.

Both undergraduate and graduate degrees in mathematics are available. Subfields of mathematics include:

  • Algebra
  • Mathematical analysis
  • Geometry
  • Applied mathematics
  • Calculus
  • Trigonometry
  • Probability


Earth sciences include:

  • Geology – the study of the development of the Earth’s crust
  • Geophysics – the study of the Earth’s shape and how it reacts to forces like gravity
  • Physical geography – the study of various processes in the Earth’s environment
  • Soil science – the study of soil
  • Oceanography – the study of the Earth’s bodies of water
  • Glaciology – the study of glaciers and other ice formations
  • Atmospheric science – the study of the Earth’s atmosphere


Physical sciences include:

  • Physics – the study of how matter and energy impact particle interaction
  • Chemistry – the study of the structure and composition of matter
  • Astronomy – the study of space and the celestial bodies


Who Should Study Mathematics, Earth and Physical Sciences?

If you’re considering a graduate degree in one of these fields you should ideally answer “yes” to the following questions:

  • Am I a logical thinker who enjoys identifying patterns?
  • Can I think abstractly and conceptualize objects in space?
  • Am I curious about how the world around me works?
  • Am I interested in quantitative research?
  • Am I intrigued by the thought of investigating the mysteries of nature?


Also, you should ideally answer “no” to the following questions:

  • Do I prefer subjects in which there is no right and wrong answer?
  • Am I intimidated by numbers and statistics?
  • Am I highly creative and non-linear?


Sample Mathematics, Earth and Physical Sciences Classes

Mathematics, earth and physical science classes differ depending upon whether they are offered at the undergraduate or graduate level. That said, here are some sample mathematics classes one might encounter in higher education:

  • Calculus
  • Mathematics for computer science
  • Linear algebra
  • Differential equations
  • Theory of probability
  • Nonlinear dynamics
  • Parallel computing
  • Fluid mechanics
  • Knot theory


Here are some sample earth science classes:

  • Physics and chemistry of the planets
  • Atmosphere, ocean and climate dynamics
  • Science and policy of natural hazards
  • Sedimentary geology
  • Molecular biogeochemistry
  • The solar system


Here are some sample physical science classes:

  • Introductory geology
  • Historical geology
  • Organic chemistry
  • Physical chemistry
  • Inorganic chemistry
  • Physics
  • Biochemistry


Types of Mathematics, Earth and Physical Sciences Careers

Those holding a degree in mathematics may have a variety of career paths from which to choose. Mathematics students may be qualified for jobs in the following fields, among others:

  • Actuarial mathematics
  • Applied mathematics
  • Computer science
  • Economics
  • Engineering
  • Finance
  • Operations research
  • Public policy
  • Robotics
  • Teaching

Those holding a degree in earth and physical sciences may be similarly qualified for many careers, depending upon their area of focus. Some career options include:

  • Aquacultural manager
  • Astronomer
  • Cartographer
  • Chemist
  • Climatologist
  • Climate change specialist
  • Chemistry teacher
  • Diver
  • Electrician
  • Food scientist
  • Forensic scientist
  • Geologist
  • Geoscientist
  • Hydrologist
  • Meteorologist
  • Nuclear reactor operator
  • Park ranger
  • Physicist
  • Physics teacher
  • Soil scientist
  • Surveyor


(Please note that some of these careers require only a bachelor’s degree, while others require a graduate degree.)


Napier, Hawke's Bay,
Eastern Institute of Technology

EIT is a New Zealand government institute and is a Category One institution as assessed by the New Zealand Qualifications Authority (NZQA) under the External Evaluation and Review (EER).


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Norwich, London,
University of East Anglia

 The University of East Anglia has a student population of 15,000 and is home to more than 3500 students from outside the UK.
International students are attracted to our top quality undergraduate (Bachelor) and postgraduate (Masters and ...

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Bath, ,
United Kingdom
University of Bath

The University of Bath is consistently ranked within the top 15 as an institution and achieves many top five subject rankings in newspaper surveys such as the Times and The Guardian. Many of Bath University  degrees are professionally accredite ...

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Belfast, Ireland,
Queen's University of Belfast, The

Queen's University is a member of the Russell Group of the UK's 20 leading research-intensive universities, which includes Oxford and Cambridge. It combines an international academic reputation as a leader in innovation and education with an ...

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Loretto, PA,
United States
St. Francis University

A small, 4-year, private university and liberal arts college. This coed college is located in a rural community in a rural setting and is primarily a residential campus. It offers associate, bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees.

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Reading, West Berkshire,
University of Reading

Choose the University of Reading and you will be studying only 25 minutes away from London, in a magnificent and friendly campus environment, at a strong and established UK university. The University was founded as an extension college of the Univ View 2 Programs

Bristol, ,
United Kingdom
University of Bristol

The University of Bristol was founded in 1876 and granted its Royal Charter in 1909. Bristol is in the premier league of British higher education institutions, with an excellent reputation for its teaching and research. It is acknowledged by the Gov ...

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Murray, KY,
United States
Murray State University

A medium-sized, 4-year, public university. This coed college is located in a large town in a rural setting and is primarily a residential campus. It offers certificate, associate, bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees.

U ...

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Lanarkshire, Glasgow,
University of Glasgow

 Established in 1451, the University of Glasgow is one of the UK’s oldest and most prestigious seats of learning, recognized internationally for its groundbreaking work. In 2013, the University was listed among the world’s top one View 1 Programs

Liberty , Liberty,
William Jewell College

William Jewell College provides an outstanding undergraduate experience for students who wish to invest themselves in their own education. In addition to the foundation of excellence in the core curriculum, the College provides bountiful enrichment ...

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