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Mathematics, Earth & Physical Sciences

Search the UniversitiesAbroad.com directory for Mathematics, Earth & Physical Sciences programs to find the one that's right for you. Compare based on program level (bachelor's, master's, doctorate, certificate or associates degree), program type (online degree, campus or hybrid program) and location. Start your search for Mathematics, Earth & Physical Sciences programs today.


What are Mathematics, Earth and Physical Sciences?

In today’s technology-driven world, there’s increasing demand for workers trained in mathematics and the sciences.  (Source: US News) Mathematics refers to the study of numbers and their operations, as well as of abstractions and space. Earth science is a broad term referring to the sciences involved in the study of the Earth, and physical science refers to the sciences that study the nature of energy and matter.

Both undergraduate and graduate degrees in mathematics are available. Subfields of mathematics include:

  • Algebra
  • Mathematical analysis
  • Geometry
  • Applied mathematics
  • Calculus
  • Trigonometry
  • Probability


Earth sciences include:

  • Geology – the study of the development of the Earth’s crust
  • Geophysics – the study of the Earth’s shape and how it reacts to forces like gravity
  • Physical geography – the study of various processes in the Earth’s environment
  • Soil science – the study of soil
  • Oceanography – the study of the Earth’s bodies of water
  • Glaciology – the study of glaciers and other ice formations
  • Atmospheric science – the study of the Earth’s atmosphere


Physical sciences include:

  • Physics – the study of how matter and energy impact particle interaction
  • Chemistry – the study of the structure and composition of matter
  • Astronomy – the study of space and the celestial bodies


Who Should Study Mathematics, Earth and Physical Sciences?

If you’re considering a graduate degree in one of these fields you should ideally answer “yes” to the following questions:

  • Am I a logical thinker who enjoys identifying patterns?
  • Can I think abstractly and conceptualize objects in space?
  • Am I curious about how the world around me works?
  • Am I interested in quantitative research?
  • Am I intrigued by the thought of investigating the mysteries of nature?


Also, you should ideally answer “no” to the following questions:

  • Do I prefer subjects in which there is no right and wrong answer?
  • Am I intimidated by numbers and statistics?
  • Am I highly creative and non-linear?


Sample Mathematics, Earth and Physical Sciences Classes

Mathematics, earth and physical science classes differ depending upon whether they are offered at the undergraduate or graduate level. That said, here are some sample mathematics classes one might encounter in higher education:

  • Calculus
  • Mathematics for computer science
  • Linear algebra
  • Differential equations
  • Theory of probability
  • Nonlinear dynamics
  • Parallel computing
  • Fluid mechanics
  • Knot theory


Here are some sample earth science classes:

  • Physics and chemistry of the planets
  • Atmosphere, ocean and climate dynamics
  • Science and policy of natural hazards
  • Sedimentary geology
  • Molecular biogeochemistry
  • The solar system


Here are some sample physical science classes:

  • Introductory geology
  • Historical geology
  • Organic chemistry
  • Physical chemistry
  • Inorganic chemistry
  • Physics
  • Biochemistry


Types of Mathematics, Earth and Physical Sciences Careers

Those holding a degree in mathematics may have a variety of career paths from which to choose. Mathematics students may be qualified for jobs in the following fields, among others:

  • Actuarial mathematics
  • Applied mathematics
  • Computer science
  • Economics
  • Engineering
  • Finance
  • Operations research
  • Public policy
  • Robotics
  • Teaching

Those holding a degree in earth and physical sciences may be similarly qualified for many careers, depending upon their area of focus. Some career options include:

  • Aquacultural manager
  • Astronomer
  • Cartographer
  • Chemist
  • Climatologist
  • Climate change specialist
  • Chemistry teacher
  • Diver
  • Electrician
  • Food scientist
  • Forensic scientist
  • Geologist
  • Geoscientist
  • Hydrologist
  • Meteorologist
  • Nuclear reactor operator
  • Park ranger
  • Physicist
  • Physics teacher
  • Soil scientist
  • Surveyor


(Please note that some of these careers require only a bachelor’s degree, while others require a graduate degree.)


Randolph Center, VT,
United States
Vermont Technical College

Vermont Technical College is a public technical college with a campus in Randolph Center. The college is part of the Vermont State Colleges (VSC) system that includes Castleton State College, Johnson State College, Lyndon State College, and the Comm ...

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Liberty , Liberty,
William Jewell College

William Jewell College provides an outstanding undergraduate experience for students who wish to invest themselves in their own education. In addition to the foundation of excellence in the core curriculum, the College provides bountiful enrichment< ...

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Colchester, VT,
United States
Saint Michael's College

At St. Mike's, we put great thought and care into what our students learn--and how they learn it. Whether you're studying the environment, the global economy, new media, psychology, biochemistry, world religions or accounting, you'll be& ...

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Pittsburgh, PA,
United States
Chatham University

Chatham University prepares students from around the world to help develop solutions to some of the world’s greatest challenges. Consistently ranked among the top master’s-level institutions in the Northeast by U.S. News &< ...

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Plymouth, NH,
United States
Plymouth State University

Plymouth State University is a regional comprehensive university offering a rich, student-focused learning environment with an enrollment of approximately 4,300 undergraduate and approximately 3,000 graduate students. The 170-acre campus offers a Ne ...

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Arcata, CA,
United States
Humboldt State University

What sets Humboldt State University apart? Innovation begins with the way we approach the teacher-student relationship. Many colleges boast prestigious, but distant, faculty members. Our students actually know their world-renowned professors. In add ...

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Rochester, NY,
United States
Rochester Institute of Technology RIT is a nationally respected leader in professional and career-oriented education. Talented, ambitious, and creative student ...

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Fairfield, CT,
United States
Sacred Heart University Sacred Heart University is a regionally accredited Catholic institution in Fairfield, Connecticut, that is dedicated to preparing students for meaningful, rewarding, and thriving careers. ...

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Brookville, NY,
United States
Long Island University Welcome to Long Island University, one of the nation's largest, most comprehensive, private institutions of higher learning, dedicated to providing you with an education that will serve you a lifetime. ...

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Suite 110 UO Baker Downtown Center, Eugene,
University of Oregon Located in Eugene, an energetic college town, the university offers academic excellence and hands-on learning opportunities in a welcoming atmosphere. ...

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